Publication ethics

Ethical requirements to publications are necessary for reason of ensuring high quality of scientific works, social trust in scientific researches, and confidence on behalf of authors in that they will receive recognition for their ideas. Hence, it is absolutely necessary to avoid:

  1. Fabrications and falsifications of the data: the fabrication of the data means that the author has not actually conducted any research and has but invented his results. Falsification of the data means that the author has indeed conducted some research, but has then willfully changed certain data, most frequently, concerning original sources. Both such actions undermine the people’s trust to scientists and depreciate the social role of science.
  2. Plagiarism: using somebody’s ideas and works without referring to them in your publication is unjust and disgraceful. If but a solely sentence from any previously already published manuscript, even of your own authorship, is copied without quotation marks and with no reference, this is considered as plagiarism.
  3. Simultaneous submission to several journals and collections of scientific works: it is unethical to submit one and the same manuscript to more than one periodical simultaneously. Such actions not only make editors and reviewers waste their time, but may also damage the reputation of periodicals.
  4. Duplicated publications: the publication of similar manuscripts which are based on one and the same experiment, can not be the justified either from ethical nor pragmatical points of view. If the author continues publishing his manuscripts in such a way he will risk loosing readers’ attention to his publications.
  5. Incorrect identification of authorship: each of the specified authors should make his / her feasible scientific contribution to the study related in his / her manuscript and to argument it. Nobody should forget to mention research participators who made considerable scientific contributions, including students and laboratory assistants.